Jean LILENSTEN, CNRS - UGA - Institut de Planetologie et d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, France
Baptiste FALQUE, Université Grenoble Alpes - Observatoire des Sciences de l'Univers de Grenoble, France
Olivier KATZ, Université Grenoble Alpes - Observatoire des Sciences de l'Univers de Grenoble, France
Aymane HEDARALY, Université Grenoble Alpes - Observatoire des Sciences de l'Univers de Grenoble, France
Maria-Teresa PONTOIS, CNRS - Institut National des Sciences Humaines et Sociales, France
Authors : Jean Lilensten (CNRS-IPAG), Baptiste Falque (UGA-OSUG), Olivier Katz(UGA-OSUG), Aymane Hedaraly(UGA-OSUG), Maria-Teresa Pontois (CNRS-INSHS), Laurent Jammes (CNRS-INSU)
Space weather is a relatively new discipline, still largely unknown to the general public despite its growing influence in our technological societies. One of the most spectacular effects is the existence of the polar lights.
In 2007, a simulator was designed at the Institut de Planétologie et d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, the "Planeterrella" which makes it possible to visualize the polar auroras, but also many other phenomena that occur in the space environment of the Earth and planets. La Planeterrella has continued to develop and is currently an experiment in international scientific mediation. Its success was the result of at least two factors, (i) it was not covered by a patent, and its plans were given free of charge to any public institute, after signing a gentleman's agreement, and (ii) the project was promoted. by an enthusiastic scientific community which has mobilized its own networks. Today there are 37 Planeterrellas in the world. About twenty projects are under construction. Twelve requests come from African countries, for which we have asked UNESCO for help. The number of people around the world who have seen auroras thanks to the Planeterrella in Europe and North America, and have been able to learn about space meteorology is several hundred thousand, especially since museums like the Palais de la Découverte in France, or the Science Museum of Iowa or NASA have a copy.
The Planeterrella is also used today for high school and student projects, or for artistic purposes (music, storytelling, painting).
Until now, the plans were given to public partners (museums, universities, laboratories) who built it on site. This economic model is meeting its limits today. In addition, the enthusiasm for space weather opens up new fields of scientific communication, and we are moving towards the creation of a scientific social network, the Planeterrellians. With the support of the CNRS, we are considering a specific structure for this that will make it possible to manufacture them in France for sale throughout the world. This will be done in partnership with a student association from Grenoble, Auroralpes, whose objective is to offer high quality scientific mediations.
In this lecture, we will discuss how Planeterrella has developed into an international phenomenon of scientific mediation. We will also examine some lessons learned from its model: patent or gentleman agreement, more or less elaborate, automated or not, and the elements of a business model. We will show the prospects for deployment on an industrial basis and how new uses and social links can be put in place around the Planeterrella.
Document 1 : Document 1
Document 2 : Document 2
Document 2 : Document 3